The Different Parts of a Cannabis Plant

Because of its capacity to survive in various conditions, the cannabis plant, also known as the marijuana plant, thrives worldwide. Here in the US, many states have legalized marijuana for both medicinal and recreational use, and it is now widely enjoyed across the country.

People are interested in the anatomy of cannabis plants because they want to know which components of a cannabis plant may be utilized for various reasons. But what exactly is a cannabis plant? If you’re curious, here’s a list of marijuana plant sections and their qualities that a favorite Silverthorne dispensary has compiled. 

Parts of a Cannabis Plant

 What Is a Cannabis? 

Cannabis is a kind of plant that’s also called marijuana. While it is widely known for its psychoactive properties when ingested, it may also alleviate the symptoms of various diseases, including chronic pain. Cannabis plant dried leaves, seed oil, and other components are used for recreational and therapeutic uses and can be taken in the following ways: 

  • vaping or smoking it
  • making it into tea
  • ingesting it as sweets, such as brownies or candies
  • consuming it uncooked
  • use it as a topical therapy
  • taking it in the form of pills or supplements

Some components of cannabis are psychoactive, while others aren’t. The producer can alter the strength and balance of components depending on how they are grown and processed.

Parts of a Cannabis Plant 


Female marijuana plant blooms are distinguished by their little teardrop shapes, which are made of pistils linked to bracts. Cannabis flowers are often coated in a frosty layer of trichomes, with a higher density indicating a more appealing bloom.

The speed at which cannabis flowers bloom is contingent on the type of seeds used. By using auto-flowering seeds, flowering can be anticipated to commence around 3-4 weeks after germination, and it usually takes an additional 5-7 weeks for the flowers to fully mature and become suitable for harvesting.


The major component of the flower is formed of several little floral clusters near the terminal of a female plant’s stalk. In general, the larger, heavier, and more densely coated in trichomes a cola is, the higher its quality; however, specific cultivars naturally produce blooms that are more loosely constructed and light.


Tiny leaves surround a female weed plant’s reproductive cells. When a male marijuana plant pollinates a female marijuana plant, the bracts encircle and protect the seed pod.


Trichomes are hairlike appendages found on the cannabis plant’s surfaces. Trichomes defend the plant from external stresses and include resinous glands that produce flavonoids, cannabinoids, and terpenes – the chemical components that give marijuana its distinct characteristics and effects. Trichomes impart a crystal-like gloss to cannabis buds and make them sticky.

 There are three glandular trichomes: bulbous, capitate-sessile, and capitate-stalked.

 Cystoliths are non-glandular trichomes. Bulbous bulbs are tiny bulbs found infrequently throughout the plant, but they are so small that it is difficult to see with the naked eye. They can be found on the undersides of sugar and fan leaves. Capitate-sessile trichomes are more common than bulbous trichomes. However, they are usually only visible under a microscope. Capitate-stalked trichomes have a mushroom-like form with a big trichome head at the stalk’s tip. These are the trichomes that can be seen on the surface of the cannabis flower.


The place where the stem and leaf meet is called the node. Each node can support one or more leaves or offshoots. Understanding the nodes is crucial as they are where cannabis plants start to grow pollen sacs (male marijuana plants) and pistils (female cannabis plants). Understanding a marijuana plant’s sex is critical to the ultimate result since only female plants produce flowers and non-pollinated blossoms are considerably superior to pollinated buds in terms of consumption.

 Fan Leaves 

Marijuana leaves are vital components of a pot plant, and there are two varieties of marijuana leaves. Fan leaves are the big, projecting leaves that emerge down the length of the plant. These leaves are necessary for photosynthesis in living plants but are permanently removed from the completed, reaped result.

Sugar Leaves 

Sugar leaves, as opposed to fan leaves, are little leaves present throughout the cupped buds of cannabis colas that are usually clipped off the flower after harvest. The name “sugar leaves” refers to the large number of trichomes on them, which give the impression that the leaves are covered with sugar. Trimmed sugar leaves can be used to manufacture edibles or concentrates.


The stem is the primary support structure of the marijuana plant, transporting fluids, nutrients, and information from the roots to the rest of the plant. The stem is a basis for fan leaves to access the light they require for growth and bears the weight of large colas.

 The Bottom Line 

Cannabis can grow pretty much anywhere in the world. It may be used for various purposes, including rope, biofuel, paper, and medicinal and recreational applications. The plant belongs to the Cannabaceae family, which also contains hops. It is also known as Cannabis sativa L. While the entirety of a cannabis plant is more than the sum of its parts, understanding each one would give you a better idea how to grow one or how each part can affect its final product.

While enjoying a cannabis plant’s lovely blooms is easy, it’s important not to miss all the elements and hard work that go into producing your favorite buds. Understanding how the plant develops and flourishes enables us to become better growers and create the most excellent buds possible from each cannabis plant.


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The Team provides news and information for the Caribbean-American community in South Florida and beyond.

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